Keeping domestic pigs on Kangaroo Island – proposed changes to legislation
The State Government is proposing changes to the Landscape South Australia Act 2019 List of Declared Animals which will affect the keeping of domestic pigs on Kangaroo Island (KI). The proposed legislation changes will improve the management of pigs on KI and reduce the risk of domestic pigs becoming feral. Feral pigs are a significant pest on KI, and prior to the 2019-20 bushfires cost landholders nearly $1 million a year in damages. These costs were mostly borne by primary producers.
About $5 million has been committed to the KI Feral Pig Eradication Program, which has culled over 750 feral pigs. It’s estimated that there are now fewer than 200 feral pigs remaining on KI, and the program is on track to achieve eradication by 2023. The proposed legislation changes are critical to ensuring that KI remains feral pig free following eradication.
The proposed legislative changes would mean that a permit is required to keep domestic pigs on KI. The permit system would be similar to the one in place for keeping deer and goats, introduced after they were eradicated from the island.
The proposed changes to the List of Declared Animals will also be reflected in a change to the South Australian Declared Animal Policy for feral pigs, under the domestic pig section.
Consultation on the proposed changes will take place between 2 December and the 16 December 2021. We are inviting feedback on the proposed changes from individuals and industry representatives.
Proposed changes to legislation
The proposed changes can be seen in red in the List of Declared Animals, and bold in the South Australian Declared Animal Policy for feral pigs, in the excerpts of the following two documents.
Excerpt from the Landscape South Australia Act 2019 List of Declared Animals.
Proposed changes are in red text.
Relevant provisions are as follows:
- 186(1) - Cannot move pigs to KI without a permit
- 187 - Cannot keep pigs on KI without a permit
- 189 - Cannot release pigs
- 191(2) - KI owners of pigs are required to comply with the instructions of Authorised Officers.
- 192(3) - KI owners of pigs are required to control pigs on their properties in accordance with any Chief Executive Control Notice that is gazetted
Excerpt from the South Australian Declared Animal Policy for feral pigs highlighting the proposed changes (in bold).
Management plan for domestic pigs
Management required to prevent domestic pigs from escaping due to unforeseen circumstances or being released illegally
South Australia has a productive pig farming industry. Under section 185(1)(a)(i) of the LSA Act, the Minister for Environment and Water has declared
- that sections 189, 191(1) and 192(3) of the LSA Act apply to domestic pigs across the whole state (excluding Kangaroo Island), meaning that they cannot be released; a person in possession of them must comply with the instructions of an Authorised Officer; and a person in possession of them must comply with any measures stipulated in any Chief Executive Control Notice that are gazetted.
- that sections 186(1), 187, 189, 191(2), 192(3) of the LSA Act apply to domestic pigs on Kangaroo Island, meaning that they are prohibited from entering Kangaroo Island; they cannot be kept on Kangaroo Island, they cannot be released, a person in possession of them must comply with the instructions of an Authorised Officer; and a person in possession of them must comply with any measures stipulated in any Chief Executive Control Notice that is gazetted.
Permits may be issued by the Kangaroo Island Landscape Board under section 197(1) of the LSA Act that will enable domestic pigs to enter or be kept on Kangaroo Island, subject to a range of conditions relating to identification, fencing and movement specified in the permit.
If an Authorised Officer determines that a landholder has not taken reasonable steps to confine domestic pigs, they may require that specific fencing standards are applied. On Kangaroo Island, fencing suitability will be assessed by an Authorised Officer as part of a property risk assessment prior to any domestic pig permit being issued by the Kangaroo Island Landscape Board. An example of recommended best practice fencing standards for domestic pigs is provided in Attachment 2.
When domestic pigs, which weigh more than 20 kg, leave the property where they are normally kept (e.g. in transit between properties of different registered owners, or at an abattoir), they must be tattooed with an identification linked to the Property Identification Code, as per section 72 of the Livestock Regulations 2013.
Domestic pigs (with or without tattoos), which belong to a pig keeper who is registered to keep them as per the Livestock Regulations 2013, may be moved for emergency veterinary care or on a short-term temporary basis as may be required by the Animal Welfare Act 1985 and due to any welfare emergency such as a bushfire emergency. While domestic pigs are absent from their enclosure (for welfare purposes), they must be confined and supervised by a responsible person.
Feedback on the proposed changes will be accepted by phone, email, or letter. The consultation period starts on 2 December 2021 and finishes on 16 December 2021.
Have your say
Please direct all questions and feedback to:
Kate Fielder, Biosecurity Officer – Pest animals, Department of Primary Industries and Regions (PIRSA)
Phone: (08) 8429 2546
Mail: Kate Fielder
Invasive Species Unit, PIRSA
CSIRO Building 1
Entry 5 Waite Road
Urrbrae SA 5064