Biodiversity is the variety of all life forms on earth - the different plants, animals and micro-organisms and the ecosystems of which they are a part. Human activity has impacted the biodiversity in the Limestone Coast. This ranges from the impacts of land clearing, introduction of exotic pests and weeds, overgrazing, changes to fire regimes, altered hydrological flows and impacts on soil conditions. Today farmers in the Limestone Coast value on-farm native vegetation and biodiversity for shelter, pollination, nutrients and biological control. For information on services Limestone Coast Landscape Board provided to support improving biodiversity outcomes on farms visit the Sustainable Agriculture Services section of our website.
What is biodiversity and why is it important?
Biodiversity means the variety of life, including how that life is organised and associated ecological processes. The variety of life includes plants, animals, fungi, bacteria and micro-organisms. Biodiversity and the associated ecological processes underpin the health of our environment and its ability to support human needs. This includes basic requirements such as the production of oxygen, creation of soil, cycling and purification of water, and breakdown of wastes. It regulates our climate, underpins the production of our food and provides the basis for many popular recreational pursuits.
Types of habitat which promote biodiversity on farms?
- Native trees, understorey trees, shrubs and grasses- Further information can be found under Native Plants in the Limestone Coast section of our website.
- Logs, rocks and caves
- Ground cover and soil
- Wetlands, creeks, and dams- Further information on Wetlands can be found under the Wetlands section of our website.
Visit our Plants and Animals section on our website for more information regarding Native Plants and animals in the Limestone Coast.
Online resources that support livestock graziers to protect and improve biodiversity on properties can be accessed from the Meat & Livestock Australia Website.